Track B: Ubiquitous Computing
'Ubiquitous computing', a phrase which the late Mark Weiser (1952-1999) described in 1988 as "the calm technology, that recedes into the background of our lives", matures from the vision of the Nineties to reality of the young millennium, enabling increasing mobility and interaction of services and applications in a large variety of aspects of daily life. Recently, we have seen major progress in developing the new off-the-desktop computing paradigm that moves towards the notion of a pervasive, wearable, unobtrusive, disappearing, or invisible computer.
Ubiquitous computing is about networked embedded systems integrated with everyday environments to support people in their activities, to facilitate and enrich their daily life, and to increase productivity at work through creation of smart surroundings. One of the key motivations of Mark Weiser was to find new ways for people to interact with computers in ways that unlike state of the art personal computing would not be isolated (unaware) and isolating (monopolizing attention) from the overall situation. The vision has since found closely related articulations, including pervasive computing , invisible computing and ambient intelligence.
Most important enabling technologies that have emerged to make the ubiquitous computing vision a reality are: wireless networking, localization, distributed systems, mobile computing, low-cost sensors, smart devices, tangible interfaces, human-machine interaction, etc.
Ubiquitous computing systems are often characterized by (1) augmentation of particular places and settings with embedded ubiquitous computing infrastructure, and (2) fundamentally challenging accepted approaches for developing, computing, networking, and interaction with environment. Ubiquitous computing systems should be invisible and unobtrusive. They have to deal with ever-changing user requirements, environmental situations and system resources. They have to be privacy aware and secure to encourage people to use them and preserve their privacy while providing the most optimal services. All in all, ubiquitous computing concept has introduced a long list of requirements and challenges, which the research community has a long way to go to fulfil all of them.
Ubiquitous computing in home, office, well-being, etc
Collaborative sensing and actuation
Context awareness & personalization
Wireless sensor networks
Security and privacy
For further information on the content of this track, you may contact the track chair, Nirvana Meratnia, N.Meratnia@utwente.nl
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